Nikos Engonopoulos , the Greek representative of Surrealism


Nikos Engonopoulos (biography)

  (October 21, 1907 – October 31, 1985)


He was a modern Greek painter and poet , one of the most important members of "Generation of the '30s", as well as a major representative of the surrealist movement in Greece. His work as a writer also includes critique and essays.

Nikos Engonopoulos was born in Athens  and  he worked as a translator in a bank and as a secretary at the University of Athens. In 1930 Engonopoulos was employed as a designer in the Urban Planning Department of the Greek Ministry of Public Works.

In 1932 he joined the Athens School of Fine Arts, where he studied under the supervision of Konstantinos Parthenis. During that time he met important artists, the poet Andreas Embirikos and painters such as Yannis Tsarouchis, Giorgio de Chirico and Yannis Moralis.

The work of Paul Klee was another great influence.Like de Chirico , Engonopoulos painted themes taken from Greek Mythology.

His first paintings, mostly temperas on paper depicting old houses, were presented at an Art of Modern Greek Tradition exhibition, organised in January 1938.

The publication of the first poetry collection caused a scandal.The Greek puplic was not familiar with the surrealist style of his poetry and in 1942 finished his most popular long poem Bolivar, a Greek Poem, inspired by the revolutionary leader Simón Bolívar and gained broader recognition. The poem was also released in the form of a song, in 1968, with music composed by Nikos Mamangakis.

Poems have been translated into English , French,Italian , Spanish,Hungarian ,Polish.

In Greece 2007 was dedicated to Engonopoulos for the centenary of his birth.







( Maria, Aleksandra ,Theodora )

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