Folklore can be divided into four areas of study: artifact, describable and transmissible entity (oral tradition), culture, and behavior (rituals). These areas do not stand alone, however, as often a particular item or element may fit into more than one of these areas.
Ethnography (from Greek ἔθνος ethnos = folk/people and γράφω grapho = to write) is a qualitative research design aimed at exploring cultural phenomena. The resulting field study or a case report reflects the knowledge and the system of meanings in the lives of a cultural group. An ethnography is a means to represent graphically and in writing, the nature of a people.
Folk art encompasses art produced from an indigenous culture or by peasants or other laboring tradespeople. In contrast to fine art, folk art is primarily utilitarian and decorative rather than purely aesthetic.Folk Art is characterized by a naive style, in which traditional rules of proportion and perspective are not employed. As a phenomenon that can chronicle a move towards civilization yet rapidly diminish with modernity, industrialization, or outside influence, the nature of folk art is specific to its particular culture.
DO YOU PRESERVE OLD CUSTOMS, DO YOU PASS THEM FROM ONE GENERATION THO THE NEXT ONE?
In Spain there are many types of folklore. In the islands we live we have a lot of dances and music typical of our region.
That's why we focus on the Canarian folklore.
Shrove Monday in Greece celebrate with koulouma and the flιght of the kite. The koulouma is the massive exit in the countryside and the special foods we usually eat today. The bread we eat today is called lagana. We eat it with octopus squid pickled olives and a salad called preserved fish roe. As for dessert we eat sweet halva. Today we did not have school in Greece so we went near the sea for flying the kite.
In Turkey, folklore studies began at the beginning of the 20th century. Ziya Gökalp mentioned folklore ("halkiyat") in the magazine "Towards the People" in 1913. Later Riza Tevfik Bölükbasi and Mehmet Fuat Köprülü wrote articles on the subject in various magazines. A Folklore Association was set up in 1927 and the "People's Houses" (1932) both carried out important survey work in this field. Today these activities are continued in various university faculties.
Main guidelines in Turkish Folklore
Turning points in peoples' lives
This encompasses the preservation of traditional ceremonies connected with birth, childhood, circumcision, marriage and death. These are traditions that have their origins in Shamanism and Islamic beliefs.
Folk medicine and veterinary medicine, religious traditions, the calendar, practical weather forecasting and law all exhibit rich folkloric characteristics stemming from traditional Turkish society. These subjects, each of which today is a branch of science, are themes for folkloric research, as they have preserved their traditional forms outside the cities.
Children's and Adult Games
Turkish folklore has a rich treasure of games for children and adults. These can be played in the garden at home, during chats and while visiting people. At times these games require special equipment. Games of "Hide and Seek", games based on religion and sorcery and games for the mind based on imitation come into this category.
Official religious and seasonal holidays and the beliefs and customs associated with them are also an important reason for festivities.
Traditional clothing forms a part of Turkish traditional culture. In the past the Turks would weave their own clothing and make dyes from natural plant ingredients, in a way that reflected their feelings in the designs they created. Each region had its own characteristics in the way of clothing, headwear, scarves and socks, which have all, through the centuries, attracted interest and admiration.
Turkish Folk Dances
Folk dances have different characteristics based on region and location and are generally engaged in during weddings, journeys to the mountains in the summer, when sending sons off to military service and during religious and national holidays. The best known folk dances are:
This Black Sea dance is performed by men only, dressed in black with silver trimmings. The dancers link arms and quiver to the vibrations of the kemence, a primitive type of violin. For more info CLICK HERE
The Spoon Dance is performed from Konya to Silifke and consists of gaily dressed male and female dancers clicking out the dance rhythm with a pair of wooden spoons in each hand.
The Sword and Shield Dance of Bursa represents the Ottoman conquest of the city. It is performed by men only, dressed in early Ottoman battle dress, who dance to the sound of clashing swords and shields without music.
Zeybek Dances (a dance of western Anatolia or its music) appear to our minds whenever Western Anatolian Folk Dances especially of Izmir, Aydin, Denizli, Balikesir and Mugla are told.
Zeybek dances are various about 150 types, however they can be gathered into two main classifications.
1) Slow Zeybek
2) Yörük Zeybek (Fast Zeybek)
In Izmir Zeybek Dances that are to be danced whether single or with a group, display the Efe's and Zeybek's self-assurances, mainly braveness and their challenges. The Zeybek's who show braveness and honestly with all their excitement are a symbol of dignity and valor.
Some of the Zeybek dances of Izmir and its surroundings are stated below: Arpazli, Harmandali, Kordon, Bergama, Dagli, Kasikçi Koca Arap, Elifoglu, Iki parmak, Sogukkuyu , Süslü, Jandarma, Yunt daglari, Bakirli, Kasnak, Hantuman, Bas bas, Sabahin Seher Vakti, Ötme Bülbülüm, Yagdi yagmur, Çakici, Ince Mehmet, Karsilama, Kozak, Somali, Yandir, Yörük Ali, Minarede Ezan Var, Sümbül Bahçesinde Karanfili, Kemeralti Zeybekleri.
TURKISH TEAM DANCING :))
FRANCE - GUADELOUPE
Music and dance are also very popular, and the widely accepted interaction of African,
French and Indian cultures has given birth to some original new forms specific to the archipelago. Islanders enjoy many local dance styles. The melting pot is emphasized by other communities from Brazil, Dominican Republic, Haiti, India, Lebanon, Syria, who live on the island and share their cultures.Another element of Guadeloupean culture is its dress with many layers of colourful fabric, now only worn on special occasions. On festive occasions they also wore a madras, head scarf tied in many different symbolic ways, each with a different name. The headdress could be tied in the "bat" style, or the "firefighter" style, as well as the "Guadeloupean woman". The Guadeloupean lady's dress, a product of European, African and Indian inspiration.
n many parts of the Southern Caribbean, the term "Creolean" is used to refer to a French-speaking person of primarily European ethnicity born in the Caribbean islands.
The term Creole is sometimes used to describe anyone, regardless of race or ethnicity,
who was born and raised in the region. In Guadeloupe and Martinique.
And here are the students of
Local costumes as they evolved from the Byzantine Empire and beyond, have nothing to do with the ancient clothing.
GREEK FOLK DANCES
In the first half of the 19th century, a national musical tradition began to develop around Slovakia’s impressive folk heritage. Modern Slovak music drew from both classical and folk styles.
Slovak Folk Music
Music in the Slovak culture has an extremely important role. It was and still is a part of our life – ceremonies, entertainment, leisure, the whole thinking and feelings of people. Folk songs belong to the oldest artistic expressions. The lives of people in the background of history were reflected by the folk songs. Historical songs mainly folk ballads were hiding the ideas of liberty and freedom in their lyrics.
Successor of the folk song has become a folk music. Annual folk festival brings back to life the folk music, the largest and best known are in Detva and Východná.
Slovak folk music has regional character – songs and orchestras are different from region to region. The regional variations of the same songs or musical motifs are common, with more versions of the same text with the different music. Music in various regions differentiates also by instrument composition (string or more brass).
The very specific instrument, which originated in Detva region, is high shepherd pipe, the so-called fujara. For its excellence, brilliant simplicity of the design and the basic operating, it was also included on the list of UNESCO. You can hear its beautiful sound for example during the Days of Czechoslovak shepherd’s pipe musicians in the village Korytárky in Podpoľanie. Every year there is also The Heligonka Festival – musicians playing on a special, simple folk and popular type of accordion.
Other examples of modern music performers, who are inspired by the folk songs, are bands Vidiek, Lojzo, Tublatanka, Elán, Banda and the folk bands and singers. Nowadays, thanks to them the popularity of traditional folklore becomes more and more popular.
Slovak Folk Song
Devils may take you, you young boys – Bodaj by vás, vy mládenci
Bodaj by vás, vy mládenci, čerti vzali,
Devils may have taken you, you young boys,
Čo sa mamka tejto noci natrápila,
What my mom suffered this night,
WATCH AND SING IN SLOVAK LANGUAGE. HAVE FUN!
SLOVAK FOLK DRESSES FASHION SHOW
SPIŠ FOLK DRESS
Slovak folk dance performing at school celebration of Mothers´Day
Romanian Folk Costumes
Romanian port is the exteriorization of beauty of the soul and comes to emphasize holiday and joy of meeting with others. It is full of grace and variety, but at the same time, spirituality. Romanian folk costume gives the body a spiritual beauty. It is distinct from other peoples, through his untold wealth and the subtle harmony. On the Romanian people, the popular clothes are like they are written. Popular costume is a combination of local traditions, the geographical location, climate and economic opportunities. It is a badge of recognition, a trademark of ethnic identity, a document with certain historical and artistic value. From birth to death, man in costume accompanied the events of his life, being a bearer of symbols.
Like all phenomen of material culture, folk costume is subject to continuous development. Its close connection with social life makes it appear as a phenomenon changing, always adapting to the changed conditions of life. Generally suit, starting with the most simple forms, has been improved and complicated the aesthetic attributes. From generation to generation, holiday clothes and wanted more beautiful, the traditionally are considered obsolete. The evolution of the popular and have been many developments, both in terms of decoration and tailoring line.
Old forms, with tradition, have been preserved with newer elements that have not made, however, notable changes. Over time, traditional costume has undergone continuous developments, Shutter complex cases, general or local.
It is essential trait unity in variety, various costumes are characteristic of regions and geographical areas.
Romanian folk dances and songs played by our school students
POLISH NATIONAL COSTUMES
Clothing is usually colorful. In addition, women often wear coral necklaces, particularly red ones. They also decorate their hair with flowers or ribbons. In some regions, women may wear a hat or a loose headscarf. These are sometimes adorned with flowers or ribbons. (Wiki)
Polish television emited a short material on the topic on production of dolls dressed in Polish National Costumes:
here is one of our students dressed in National costume
from Cracow region
Another kind of national costume from differnt region of Poland.
POLISH FOLK DANCES:
We live on the south part of Poland at the foot of Beskids Mountains.
Southern Poland features the culture of the Polish highlanders.
These dances were brought to this mountain areas with Vlach settlers in the 17th century.
The rhythm of their music is different for the otherwise duple or triple-meter of the lowlands.
In the picture below you can see Magda, Michał and Damian presenting dance of Polish highlanders.
POLISH HIGHLANDERS' COSTUMES
A VISIT TO OUR REGINAL CULTURE CENTER
We are in the south of Poland and we have a few local artists here.
We live at the foot of Beskidy mountains, but our town also belongs to Silesian Voivodeship or Silesia Province,
which is an area famous for coal mine industry.
One of the local artists is Rudolf Riedel, who makes interesting graphics presenting the life in Silesia,
the area of coal mines, people in regional clothes, people who are open and tolerant, miners, highlander.
the technique he uses is linocut - a sheet of linoleum is used for the relief surface.
A design is cut into the linoleum, then the linoleum sheet is inked with a roller,
then impressed onto paper.
Rudolf Riedel says that linocuts are black and white,
in life there is good and evil, just as right and left, front and back,
top and bottom, day and nigt, sunrise and sunset.
He declares that he is a supporter of many cultures, nations, languages, religions.
He also uderlines that we all share common and these values of good should be preserved.
We would like to show you a few works that he has presented during the exhibition,
that we went to see. We took some photos:
In this picture I can see children of different nation, playingg and learning together.
There is a poster on the wall with a white dove symbolizing peace, and flags of different countries in the world.
I like this picture very much. Ania.
In this picture I can see a Silesian family. The lady is dressed in regional costume,
and the man is wearing miners full-dress uniform. Julia.
In this picture I can see many children playing together. They are wearing different clothes, costumes,
because they come from different paces of Poland and of the world. This is their common playground. Peter.
OUR REGIONAL CULTURE CENTRE PRESENTS
THE EXHIBITION OF READITIONAL WOODEN TOYS
THIS IS OUR REGIONAL ART OF BESKIDS
we took some pictures:
instruments and wooden icons made by highlanders
Sheperds axe - used as a walking stick or a light weapon
Sheep bells and cowbells
handmade table clothes
UKRAINIAN DANCE BY POLISH TEAM
A LIITLE BIT OF POLISH FOLKLORE
FROM THE ARCHIVES
OF THE POLISH SCHOOL
SP 32 BIELSKO-BIAŁA
Highlanders dance: Magda, Michał, Damian
Another dance of Polish Highlanders. Dancers: Kamila, Ola, Natalia, Maciek and Jakub
Two Polish dances: Kujawiak and Oberek presented by Kamila and Kamil