Getting ready for Leeds 12 and 13

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The York Dungeons

 Preparing for our York Visit. 

We will be in Yorkshire in two days. But before, let's read and listen about the most gruesome history of York and get ready for the ....



York Attractions you will see:

- Escape the burning flames in Clifford's Tower. This tower was originally built by William the Conqueror and served as a prison where Henry VIII had the bodies of his enemies put on public display.

 - Wander through the Plague ravaged (devastadas) streets.

 - Meet the real Guy Fawkes, who will tell you the true story of the Gunpowder plot.

-       Experience the presence of ghosts which will chill your very bones.

-       Enter the labyrinth of the lost Roman legion.

-       Meet the notorious Viking leader Eric Bloodaxe in Bloody Vikings.

-       The Judge then knows exactly what you've been up to in the 17th century court room.

-       Will you escape the torture chamber alive? Your punishment will be harsh!

-       Travel to the dark depths of the dungeons of York prison, where murderer, thief and torturer Dick Turpin the infamous highwayman awaits his fate.

-       Will you loose your head in Execution: Traitors of York? (NEW FOR 2012)

-       The Witch hunt is on!  Hear the screams and feel the heat in Witches: Burned alive.

-       Over 70 minutes of York's most gruesome history brought to life...

Torture Chamber. York’s torturer always finds a way to get you talking, whether with the hook, the castrator, the jaw breaker, or the creeping agony of the rack (potro). Maybe he’ll loosen your tongue the hard way, with the tongue-tearer!

The Great Plague. It’s the 16th century and the terrible plague has struck York again. Thousands are dying, appallingly disfigured and in unspeakable agony. Will you escape the deadly disease or run out screaming?

Labyrinth of the Lost. Who dares enter the Labyrinth of the Lost? Here lies the ancient Roman fortress of Emperor Constantine, buried beneath York Minster. Every treacherous turn takes you closer to the grim (sombrío) ghosts of a Lost Roman Legion.

Judgement of Sinners. It is the middle of the 18th Century and England’s justice system is harsh, unpredictable and frequently lethal. Some 220 offences are punishable by death. Pray the judge has pity on your soul. Your sentencing and fate await you!

Dick Turpin. Travel to the dark depths of York Prison where murderer, thief, and infamous highwayman Dick Turpin awaits his death at the gallows. After years of stealing livestock, robbing stage-coaches and murdering those who came after him, he’s about to meet his well-deserved fate at the end of a rope! But suddenly you enter your worst nightmare: a pitch-dark cell, a waiting hangman and Turpin… who wants his revenge in blood!

The witch hunt is on! Hear the screams and feel the heat as the accused are burnt alive before your eyes.

Will you escape the persecution or will you meet your end at the stake? Sentenced to witchscraft, your fate awaits. Discover what happened to those condemned! See the fire surround the witch, smell the burning and hear their screams

Guy Fawkes. Remember, remember the 5th of November; gunpowder, treason and plot!. Follow the explosive story of Guy Fawkes as he and his treasonous accomplices plot the downfall of the English King and Parliament in the most spectacular way possible: a massive, underground explosion that will destroy them and the symbol of their rule! But the plot is foiled (frustado), and Guy Fawkes is arrested. He has sworn not to give up the names of his co-conspirators, but let’s see if a little brutal torture can loosen his tongue… Watch as they plot dark underground. Hear the explosions all around you. See his catchers as they ambush him. Escape the terrifying fate of his victims.

A Bloody Vikings. Shattered monastery lies around you, ransacked (saqueado) and despoiled (desvalijado). Even this house of God isn’t safe from the violent greed of Eric Bloodaxe and his heathen (paganos) warriors. In fact, what’s that noise outside..? You run into the forest, murderous Vikings on your tail, obliterating (arrasando) everything and everyone in their path. Don’t look back! Run! Will you escape the most brutal fighters in York’s history? Hear the story of Eric Bloodaxe and his Viking warriors, rampaging through the City of York. Witness brutal Viking traditions. Where will you run when the Viking's attack?



It's 1405 - Join the crowds gathered to witness our careless executioner as he shares the gory tales of York’s Micklegate Bar. But watch out… there is a traitor amongst you...Will you be next to lose your head?



Guy Fawkes. He was an English Catholic who planned the failed Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Fawkes was born and educated in York. He fought on the side of Catholic Spain against Protestant Dutch reformers. He travelled to Spain to seek support for a Catholic rebellion in England but was unsuccessful. He planned to assassinate King James I and restore a Catholic monarch to the throne. The plotters secured the lease to an undercroft beneath the House of Lords, and Fawkes was placed in charge of the gunpowder they stockpiled there. Prompted by the receipt of an anonymous letter, the authorities searched Westminster Palace during the early hours of 5 November, and found Fawkes guarding the explosives.

Fawkes became synonymous with the Gunpowder Plot, the failure of which has been commemorated in England since 5 November 1605. His effigy is traditionally burned on a bonfire, commonly accompanied by a firework display.

Guy Fawkes was born in 1570 in Stonegate, York. He was the second of four children born to Edward Fawkes, a proctor (procurador) and an advocate of the consistory court at York, and his wife, Edith. Guy's parents were regular communicants (practicantes) of the Church of England, as were his paternal grandparents; his grandmother, born Ellen Harrington, was the daughter of a prominent merchant, who served as Lord Mayor of York in 1536. However, Guy's mother's family were recusant Catholics.


The ‘lost’ Ninth Roman legion. (video) WHAT did the Romans ever do for us? Well for a start they built York, or more specifically the Ninth Legion did. Raised by Pompey in 65 BC, the Ninth was Rome’s most feared fighting force and took part in every major Roman conflict, from Julius Caesar’s Gallic wars to the final war of the Roman Republic, as Octavian did battle with Anthony and Cleopatra.

The Ninth was then sent to Spain where it ensured Roman dominance in the region, gaining the title ‘Hispania’ in the process.

But when the Legion arrived in Britain, Queen Boudicca’s army decimated more than half of its 5,000 soldiers in a battle recorded by Tacitus as the Massacre of the Ninth. Once reinforcements arrived though; they headed north to York where they built the imperial fortress Eboracum. And that was the last time anyone heard about the Ninth Legion. The final reference to their endeavours (esfuerzos) is in the Yorkshire Museum; an inscription marking the date in 108 AD when its soldiers built the city walls. Then the Legion vanished without trace – and so did its golden eagle standard.

Now Hollywood has taken up their mysterious demise in Kevin Macdonald’s The Eagle.

Set two decades after the unexplained disappearance of the Legion, the film tells the story of a young centurion called Marcus Flavius Aquila who arrives from Rome to solve the puzzle and restore the reputation of his father, who commanded the Ninth, as well as retrieving the lost standard.

There are some who believe the Legion was wiped out in Scotland by marauding Picts, but the truth is likely to be more mundane, that the unit was disbanded, or simply sent to serve elsewhere.

But nothing was written about them after the inscription in York. And Natalie McCaul assistant curator of archaeology at the museum says that is highly unusual.

The film of course takes Rosemary Sutcliff’s more exciting story of a massacre for its theme. Marcus Aquila travels beyond Hadrian’s Wall, in disguise and discovers a demoralised and mutinous Ninth Legion was annihilated by the northern tribes. However, there was some redemption in a heroic last stand around the standard and Aquila is able to bring the eagle back to Rome.


Richard "Dick" Turpin (bap. 1705 – 7 April 1739) was an English highwayman whose exploits were romanticised following his execution in York for horse theft. Turpin may have followed his father's profession as a butcher early in life, but by the early 1730s he had joined a gang of deer thieves, and later became a poacher (cazador furtive), burglar, horse thief and murderer. He is also known for a fictional 200-mile (320 km) overnight ride from London to York on his horse Black Bess, a story that was made famous by the Victorian novelist William Harrison Ainsworth almost 100 years after Turpin's death.

Turpin became the subject of legend after his execution, romanticised as dashing and heroic in English ballads and popular theatre of the 18th and 19th centuries, and in film and television of the 20th century.


Eric Bloodaxe. Eric Haraldsson was a 10th-century Scandinavian ruler. He is thought to have had short-lived terms as King of Norway and possibly as the last independent ruler of the kingdom of Northumbria. He is usually portrayed as a larger-than-life Viking hero, whose powerful and violent performances bring him many short-term successes, but ultimately make him flawed and impopular as a ruler and statesman. He is described as “a large and handsome man, strong and of great prowess, a great and victorious warrior," but also "violent of disposition, cruel, gruff, and taciturn." Eric Bloodaxe appears in the historical Yorkshire building "York Dungeons" where he talks of killing his relatives, the tour of the room ends when he shouts them to leave before he "changed his mind" (suggesting he would have been wanting to kill them).

Now watch this video so you have an idea.


Launch of Witches Burned Alive at the York... por TheDungeons
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Add a a new wiki page to write about a

British invention or an invention which a British inventor has contributed to. 


Write mainly about the inventions in Bradford National Media Museum, which we are going to visit this June 2012 in our Leeds meeting. Investigate about TV, photography, cinema, radio, the internet  and videogames.


Use the simple past passive to write about the history of the invention and the simple present passive to explain about the used of the invention today. Use connectors of sequence as well. 


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